Hydrogen Export and Value Chains

Developing globally leading large-scale hydrogen export capabilities through infrastructure systems, operations and procedures.

Hydrogen-based emerging and existent technologies can play a key role in decarbonising the industrial, transport and building sectors, enabling large-scale power generation and storage, energy integration and distribution in remote regions, as well as providing a clean feedstock for industry. Australia is well poised to become a world-leading exporter of hydrogen as a global market develops, though the increasing demand for hydrogen depends critically on its use in energy applications where it is still at an early stage of adoption.

To establish a global leading position in the nascent hydrogen export industry and build on our world-class renewable energy resources, Australia must leverage the know-how, capability, infrastructure and supply chains of our existing LNG industry. Much like the efforts that supported the growth of Australia’s LNG Export industry, development of the hydrogen export industry will require export-class infrastructure systems, operations and procedures to be defined over the next decade.

The Hydrogen Export and Value Chains program focusses on addressing the following research challenges:

  • Processing and delivery methods for cost-effective large-scale hydrogen export
  • Target export markets, including key applications and requirements
  • Supply chain architecture, design and operations
  • Export-class systems and technologies for hydrogen production, storage and delivery
  • Mapping future world-scale hydrogen export regions

Through this program, FEnEx CRC and its research partners conduct technoeconomic feasibility and conceptual design studies to assess low and zero-emission hydrogen production, transport and storage pathways (liquid hydrogen, ammonia, liquid-organic hydrogen carriers and solid state), and contribute to the development of the emerging technologies through laboratory investigations in collaboration with academic and research centres.

FEnEx CRC Commonwealth Milestones for Program 2

Research Projects

H2 Magnetocaloric Liquefaction using Polycrystalline Holmium – Proof of Concept (24.RP2.0202)

H2 Magnetocaloric Liquefaction using Polycrystalline Holmium – Proof of Concept (24.RP2.0202)

This project aims to realize the Proof of Concept experiment (POC) for hydrogen liquefaction through a magnetocaloric cycle (refrigeration) based on polycrystalline holmium (Ho).

Design of a Proof-of-Concept Magnetic Refrigeration Testing Facility for LH2 (23.RP2.0184)

Design of a Proof-of-Concept Magnetic Refrigeration Testing Facility for LH2 (23.RP2.0184)

This project will provide a detailed design for a proposed lab-scale testing facility.

A technical and economic assessment of underground hydrogen storage in Western Australia (23.RP2.0176)

A technical and economic assessment of underground hydrogen storage in Western Australia (23.RP2.0176)

This project aims to deliver the following four outcomes: Identification of the depleted gas reservoirs for underground hydrogen storage and compressed air storage in Perth…

Thermophysical properties and simulation of mixed refrigerants used for the hydrogen liquefaction process (23.RP2.0161)

Thermophysical properties and simulation of mixed refrigerants used for the hydrogen liquefaction process (23.RP2.0161)

Current hydrogen liquefiers’ energy consumption is between (11.9 and 15.0) kWh/kgLH2, and liquefaction cost is between (2.5 and 3.0) US$/kgLH2. In comparison, liquefied natural gas’s…

Decarbonising Ironmaking with Australian Renewable Hydrogen and WA Iron Ores (23.RP2.0157)

Decarbonising Ironmaking with Australian Renewable Hydrogen and WA Iron Ores (23.RP2.0157)

Hydrogen (H2) and ammonia (NH3) serve as more practical and effective means of harvesting, storing and exporting Australia’s abundance renewable energy and can also be…

Simulation and testing of cryogenic ortho-para conversion in hydrogen liquefaction processes (22.RP2.0125)

Simulation and testing of cryogenic ortho-para conversion in hydrogen liquefaction processes (22.RP2.0125)

Hydrogen liquefaction is a highly energy intensive process. Therefore, efficient hydrogen liquefaction processes are a priority for establishing future energy markets. When compared with established…

Green hydrogen for road transport in Western Australia (21.RP2.0094)

Green hydrogen for road transport in Western Australia (21.RP2.0094)

Implementing a pilot program to contribute to the development of the complete industry supply chain for hydrogen fuelled heavy haul vehicles in WA.

Thermophysical Properties of Hydrogen Enriched Natural Gas (21.RP2.0093)

Thermophysical Properties of Hydrogen Enriched Natural Gas (21.RP2.0093)

Thermophysical property data for pure hydrogen and its related mixtures are essential to design the process equipment required for production, liquefaction, storage and transport. However,…

Enabling Large-Scale Hydrogen Underground Storage in Porous Media (21.RP2.0091)

Enabling Large-Scale Hydrogen Underground Storage in Porous Media (21.RP2.0091)

Hydrogen will play an important role in the energy transition as an energy carrier for Australia and globally. Moreover, Australia also has great opportunities to…

Bridging Blue and Green Hydrogen (21.RP2.0085)

Bridging Blue and Green Hydrogen (21.RP2.0085)

Challenge Despite reducing costs associated with the production of green hydrogen, the production of blue hydrogen remains cheaper and is frequently considered as a transitional…

Paths to a sustainable hydrogen supply chain (21.RP2.0065)

Paths to a sustainable hydrogen supply chain (21.RP2.0065)

A Hydrogen Pathways App to explore and analyse the different stages of the hydrogen supply chain.

Hydrogen 4:0 Design and Development of Cyber-Physical Systems for an Interoperable Renewable Hydrogen Plant (21.RP2.0062)

Hydrogen 4:0 Design and Development of Cyber-Physical Systems for an Interoperable Renewable Hydrogen Plant (21.RP2.0062)

Hydrogen is expected to be the energy of the future. The hydrogen market opens up a great opportunity for Australia to become one of the…

Fully DC Microgrid for Green Hydrogen Production (21.RP2.0061)

Fully DC Microgrid for Green Hydrogen Production (21.RP2.0061)

Researching the transition from AC to fully DC microgrids for green hydrogen production.

Direct Ammonia Reduction of Iron Ore (21.RP2.0060)

Direct Ammonia Reduction of Iron Ore (21.RP2.0060)

Researching and developing the use of ammonia as a reliable renewable reductant for direct raw iron making.

Fluidised-bed combustion of ammonia (NH3) for stationary combined heat and power generation (21.RP2.0059)

Fluidised-bed combustion of ammonia (NH3) for stationary combined heat and power generation (21.RP2.0059)

Advancing knowledge and technology to develop an end-use market of ammonia as a fuel for power generation to support Australia’s renewable H2 export industry.

PhD Projects

Project Title
Researcher
Solutions to green hydrogen gas transport – quantifying and qualifying existing material restrictions and issues, metallurgical requirements, transport studies and pipeline conversion
Gas Encapsulation within porous vessel
Design Simulation and Prototyping of Small-Scale Microgrid for Green Hydrogen Production
Thermochemical battery using metal carbonates for energy storage
Analysis of Physicochemical Processes for Low Levelised Cost of Renewable H2
Development of zeolite and MOF based chemoresistive devices for gas sensing applications
Improving the Hydrogen Storage Devices for E-Mobility
Liquid Hydrogen Reactor Design – Conversion of ortho- to para-Hydrogen
Eliminating hydrogen back-diffusion in electrochemical hydrogen transport
Optimising the regeneration of sodium borohydride for solid-state green hydrogen
Novel Approaches for Hydrogen Production through Methane Pyrolysis on Carbon Catalysts
Techno-economic-environmental life cycle assessments for green hydrogen road transport
Hydrogen storage in depleted subsurface reservoirs
NaBH4 for solid-state green hydrogen export
Green hydrogen solutions for logistics aspects of green hydrogen heavy road transport options
Effects of water quality on mineral hydration in industrial processes for greenhouse gas emission reduction
An analysis of NH3 Dissociation and Oxidation with associated NOx Emission in Flow, Fixed-Bed, and Fluidised-Bed Reactors

Program Leaders

Craig Buckley photo

Professor Craig Buckley

Program Lead 2 (Curtin University)
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Mauricio Di Lorenzo

FEnEx CRC Foundation Fellow
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Mahboobeh Shahbazi

FEnEx CRC Foundation Fellow
Keelan-ONeill-fix

Keelan O’Neill

FEnEx CRC Strategic Research Fellow
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Neil Robinson

FEnEx CRC Strategic Research Fellow
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